Signs, Causes and Treatment of Stuttering

Stuttering is a complex speech defect, which consists in the fact that the child reproduces uncontrolled and involuntary pauses in speech, repeats individual sounds or syllables several times. This is due to cramps in the muscles of the soft palate of the larynx, diaphragm, pectoral or abdominal muscles.

Causes of stuttering

Stuttering can be acquired or caused by disorders of the central nervous system, for example, with traumatic brain injuries, neuroinfections, etc. In young children, often acquired stuttering is diagnosed.

The peak of such a disorder occurs at the age of 2 to 5 years, during the period when active speech formation occurs. It should be borne in mind that children with a predisposition to stress and excitability are more prone to stuttering.

An important role in the occurrence of stuttering in a child is played by heredity as observed by occupational therapy volunteer opportunities San Gabriel Valley. Such pathological features can be transmitted to the child and, in case of adverse conditions, they can manifest themselves.

Reasons for the initiation of stuttering can be mass. Quite often, the cause is fright or prolonged mental neurotization, such as the rude attitude of the parents.

Frequent cases of the development of the defect are the attitude of the parents and the desire to quickly teach the child how to talk. They force you to pronounce and memorize difficult words or even sentences, to speak for show.

Stuttering can occur as a result of a slow-forming motor sphere or if the child speaks late (about 3 years).

Signs of stuttering in children

In order to determine the defect in time, it is necessary to pay attention to the first signs of stuttering:

  • The child finds it difficult to start a conversation;
  • Makes stops in the middle of a word or phrase;
  • Repeats the first syllables or even whole words;
  • Abruptly stops saying that it can last from 2 hours to a day, after which it begins to stutter;
  • Inserts between the words extra sounds (a, and).

For children 2-3 years old

Swallowing the beginning or end of the word, long pauses, fast and slurred speech are characteristic. This is not a defect and disappears as the child grows older. At such an early age, the following criteria are obvious signs of stuttering:

  • In conversation, the child makes frequent long pauses, while the muscles of the face and neck tighten;
  • In case of difficulties in speech, the child begins to clench his fists, swing his arms or move from one foot to another, thus showing a desire to express thoughts;
  • When pronouncing difficult words, the child has a lip quiver and fast-moving eyeballs.

Children of 4-5 years old

Have already formed a speech apparatus, they can speak meaningful phrases and build a dialogue. At this age, seizures can be of three types:

  • Tonic, which occurs with spasms of the vocal muscles. The word is pronounced with a pause between letters or syllables;
  • Clonic – rhythmic repetition of the same type of movement with the voice muscles. There is a repetition of syllables or the first letter in the word;
  • Mixed, in which there are pauses, and the repetition of words, syllables or sounds.

Since it is difficult for a child to talk when stuttering, he may begin to blush and sweat, and even turn pale after a conversation.

Stuttering treatment

The most effective treatment for stuttering is complex therapy, when a speech therapist, psychologist and parents are involved with the child. Drug treatment is also used to strengthen the nervous system and create a favorable background for psychotherapy and speech therapy classes.

During psychotherapy, the psychologist informs the child of the idea that he himself can speak without stuttering and, when trying to correctly say the word, the doctor praises the child.

Classes with a speech therapist should be regular for 8-9 months. The main task of a speech therapist is to teach the child to speak correctly, smoothly and without haste, and also to breathe correctly.

The speech therapist uses special breathing exercises and various musical games in the treatment, which will help to develop fine and verbal motor skills, navigate in space, and feel the rhythm.

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